Sadegh Hedayat was born in Tehran on the17 February 1903 , at the
house of his father, Hedayat Gholi Khan-e
Hedayat(E’tezad-Ol-Molk),son of Jafar GholiKhan-e Hedayat. His
mother was ,Ozra-Zivar-Ol-Moluk Hedayat,daughter of Hossein
GholiKhan-e Mokhber-ol-Dole the second.
His parents were descended from Reza GholiKhan; who was one of the
famous Iranian writers, poets and historians in 13th century; and
were descendants of Kamal Khojandi .
He went to Elmieh Primary school, Tehran in 1909, and after
completing his basic education started high school at Darolfonun in
1914. Because of eye trouble, there was a break in his education in
1914, but he continued his education in Saint Louis School at
Tehran, where he became familiar with French language and literature
He completed his secondary education and , with other Iranian
students, was sent to Belgium for higher education in 1925.
At first, he studied mathematics “Gand” Port University, but he
declared his dissatisfaction, because of bad weather and his
education situation, so he was transferred to Paris to continue his
In1928, Sadegh Hedayat, attempted to commit suicide by throwing
himself into the River Marn in Samoi, but he was rescued by the
people in a boat.
Finally, in 1930, he returned to Tehran and in that year was
hired by Bank Melli Iran. In those days “Rabe Group” was formed
including Bozorg Alavi, Massud Farzad, Mojtaba Minavi and Sadegh
Hedayat .In 1932, he traveled to Isfahan and also started his work
at General Department of Commerce.
In 1933, he traveled to Shiraz and stayed for awhile at the house
of his uncle Dr.Karim Hedayat . In 1934, he resigned from General
Department of Commerce and commenced his work at Ministry Of Foreign
Affairs; he resigned from Ministry Of Foreign Affairs in 1935, and
in that year was summoned by Police Investigation Department and
interrogated for the context of the book “Mister Bow Wow”.
In 1936,he commenced working at General Department of Construction
and traveled to India ,he started learning “Pahlavi Language” with
an Indian researcher and professor; Bahram Goor Anklesaria.
In 1937, he returned back to Tehran, started working in Bank Melli
Iran again, he resigned from there again in 1938, and started
working at State Music Department and also cooperating with “Music
Magazine”. In 1940 he commenced his work at Fine Art Faculty of
Tehran University as translator, and worked with “Sokhan Magazine”
in 1943.He went to Tashkent by the invitation of The State
University of Middle Asia in Uzbekistan in 1945, and also wrote for
“Payam e Now Magazine”. In that year a ceremony for honoring Sadegh
Hedayat was held in Iran and Soviet Union Cultural Society, in 1949.
He was invited to participate in The World Congress of Peace but he
could not attend because of administrative problems. In 1950, he
went to Paris and on April 8 1951, in that city, he committed
suicide by gassing himself .He was 48 years old when he
freed himself from pain of life , his grave was in Pere-la Chaise
Cemetery in Paris. He spent all his life in his father’s house.
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